Learning to Learn with Conditional Class Dependencies

Publication: International Conference on Learning Representations.

Xiang Jiang, Mohammad Havaei, Farshid Varno, Gabriel Chartrand, Nicolas Chapados, Stan Matwin.

Neural networks can learn to extract statistical properties from data, but they seldom make use of structured information from the label space to help representation learning. For example “cat” and “dog” are closer than “cat” and “truck”. Although some label structure can implicitly be obtained when training on huge amounts of data, in a few-shot learning context where little data is available, making explicit use of the label structure can inform the model to reshape the representation space to reflect a global sense of class dependencies. We propose a meta-learning framework, Conditional class-Aware Meta-Learning (CAML), that conditionally transforms feature representations based on a metric space that is trained to capture inter-class dependencies. This enables a conditional modulation of the feature representations of the base-learner to impose regularities informed by the label space. Experiments show that the conditional transformation in CAML leads to more disentangled representations and achieves competitive results on the miniImageNet benchmark.

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